Ed, they were coded as such. For all other attributes we

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Sociodemographic, Attitude and Behavior Measures--Age, education, employment, HIV status, unprotected and intercourse (UAI), have been products Al.Pagecholesterol composition, the incubation temperature, time, cell quantity, and SLO adapted from the Centers for Disease Manage and Prevention's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance Survey, title= peds.2015-0966 MSM Cycle (58). If there was a tie amongst two modal values, we assigned the respondent an attribute worth on the basis of who they had been closest to (50). Because eligibility criteria included only MSM, other network members such as biologically born girls and males that have sex with ladies only have been title= 1753-2000-7-28 beyond the scope from the existing evaluation plus the effects of these men and women on MSM have been examined elsewhere (15, 51?3). Members from the team who produced the matching algorithm were not involved with any with the subsequent analyses of structural position. Bridging network metric--In order to calculate each network members' level of bridging we utilized the constraint metric (54):NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscriptwhere pij will be the proportion of i's network time and energy invested in speak to j, and piq could be the proportion of time title= pnas.1522090112 and energy of i invested in yet another contact q. Constraint is a measure ofAIDS Behav. Author manuscript; offered in PMC 2015 February 01.Shah et al.Pagebridging on a 0? scale and is low for any offered individual who's connected to other folks that are otherwise not connected to each other. Such a person with low constraint is one particular that spans structural holes in the network and can be thought of a "bridge". A constraint of 1, a higher constraint, represents the lowest bridging and is usually a person within a network who has only one particular tie to yet another network member. In most networks, structural measures are usually not typically distributed (20, 55); as a result we took the median of the remaining men and women who did not have a low bridging score (constraint=1) to supply a cut-off between moderate bridging and high bridging. Several alternative measures of bridging for instance betweeness centrality (56) or hyperlink deletion (57) have been identified, but are far better suited for bigger networks. To be able to ease understanding of our final results, the terms bridge or bridging are utilized to signify constraint as just described. Sociodemographic, Attitude and Behavior Measures--Age, education, employment, HIV status, unprotected and intercourse (UAI), have been items adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance Survey, title= peds.2015-0966 MSM Cycle (58). Sex drug use (SDU) was measured as in preceding function (59, 60) and represented use of any prescription or illicit drug that makes sex less complicated to obtain, far more enjoyable or final longer. Group sex (GS) was measured as "having sex with two or far more men and women at the same time". UAI, GS and SDU had been assessed in frequency terms more than the previous year and were coded for these analyses as present if they have been reported as at the very least month-to-month. All respondents had been tested for HIV (Oraquick Advance HIV 1/2, Bethlehem PA) with confirmation performed by the Chicago Division of Public Overall health (OraSure HIV-1 Western Blot).